The Chesapeake Bay Preservation Act is one of the enforceable programs in Virginia's Coastal Zone Management Program, which was established pursuant to the federal Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA). The CZMA is an important law implementing the concept of federalism and emphasizes the primacy of State decision-making regarding the coastal zone. Section 307 of the CZMA (16 USC § 1456), called the federal consistency provision, is a tool the states use to manage coastal uses and resources and to facilitate cooperation and coordination with federal agencies.
Federal Consistency is the CZMA requirement that federal actions that have reasonably foreseeable effects on any land or water use or natural resource of the coastal zone (also referred to as coastal uses or resources, or coastal effects) must be consistent with the enforceable policies of a coastal state's federally approved Coastal Zone Management Program. DEQ is responsible for providing comments regarding the consistency of proposed federal projects or activities with the Chesapeake Bay Preservation Act.
The Office of Environmental Impact Review at DEQ coordinates the Commonwealth's response to environmental documents submitted to the agency regarding proposed federal projects. An outline of Virginia's federal consistency review process (Federal Consistency Information Package) is available in a downloadable format from the DEQ web site.
Download DCR-DCBLA Site Plan Submission Guidelines